HangZhou Dianzi University

Foreign Experts

Salary Check

Hangzhou





    Hangzhou has enjoyed a history of over 2,200 years since the county administration was established in Qin Dynasty. It is one of the cradles of Huaxia (China) Civilization. The Kuahuqiao Ruins showed that there were human beings multiplying and living in Hangzhou area early 8,000 years ago. Liangzhu Culture, as early as over 5,000 years ago, was known as "the Dawn of Civilization". Hangzhou, one of the seven ancient capitals of China, was the capital of Wuyue State of the Five-Dynasties and also the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty. In the 13th century, the Italian traveler Marco Polo admired Hangzhou as "the Most Splendid and Luxurious City in the World". Hangzhou was called Qiantang in ancient time. In the ninth year of Kaihuang of Sui Dynasty (589), Hangzhou was founded to replace the original Qiantang County and the name of Hangzhou was recorded for the first time in history. In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the original Qiantang County and Renhe County were merged into Hangzhou County. In the 16th year of the Republic of China (1927), Hangzhou County was dismantled and Hangzhou was founded as a city. It was on May 3, 1949 when Hangzhou was liberated that Hangzhou began to write its new chapter of development in history.

Natural Geography

    Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang Province, is the provincial center in economy, culture, science and education. It is a famous city in history and culture and also an important national tourist city with the beautiful scenery. Located at the southern wing of the Yangtze River Delta, the west end of Hangzhou Bay, the lower reaches of Qiantang River and the southern end of the Grand Canal (Beijing-Hangzhou), it is one of the most impor tant central cities in the southern wing of the Yangtze River Delta and a hub of transportation in southeast China. The geographic position of the city proper is latitude 30°16' nor th and longitude 120°12' east. Hangzhou owns the natural environment integrating rivers, lakes and hills. The hilly area of the city accounts for 65.6% of the total, which concentrate in the west, middle and south, the plain 26.4%, which scatter in northeast, rivers, lakes, ponds and reservoirs 8.0%. The world's longest canal known as the Great Canal winds through the city as well as the Qiantang River which is noted for the magnificent view of tidal rush. Hangzhou has a subtropical monsoon climate with four distinct seasons. It is warm and humid with sufficient sunshine and plentiful rainfall. In 2009, its average annual temperature is 17.8℃, the average relative humidity 71%, the annual rainfall 1,453.9 millimeters and the annual sunshine time 1,709.9 hours.